Digging into Image Data to Answer Authorship Related Questions
Recipient: Rehberger, Dean (East Lansing, MI 48824 USA) in affiliation with Michigan State University
Goal: This project will pursue research using advanced computational techniques to explore humanities themes related to the authorship of large collections of cultural heritage materials, namely 15th-century manuscripts, 17th- and 18th-century maps, and 19th- and 20th-century quilts. The project team includes staff from Michigan State University, the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and the University of Sheffield.
Description: An international, multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary team of researchers from the University of Sheffield (UoS), UK; Michigan State University (MSU), MI, USA; and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), IL, USA jointly propose the exploration of authorship across three distinct but in some respects complementary digital dataset collections: 15th-century manuscripts, 17th- and 18th-century maps and 19th- and 20th-century quilts. The datasets, freely available to the investigators, represent very large and diverse collections of digitized scans or photographs in standard image file formats. The US team will consist of members from UIUC (applying to NSF) and MSU (applying to NEH). The UIUC team led by Peter Bajcsy (as US NSF project director), the MSU team led by Dean Rehberger (as US NEH project director), and the UK team led by Peter Ainsworth (as UK JISC project director). The topic of authorship serves as a common question at the intersection of humanities, arts and social sciences research that unites the proposed exploration of image analyses.
Grant: 200400 / HJ-50001-10, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Digging into Data, Year Awarded: 2010
Towards Dynamic Variorum Editions
Recipient: Crane, Gregory R (Medford, MA 02155-5500 USA) in affiliation with Tufts University (Medford, MA 02155 USA)
Goal: This project supports the creation of a framework to produce "dynamic variorum" editions of classics texts that enable the reader to automatically link not only to variant editions but also to relevant citations, quotations, people, and places that are found in a digital library of more than one million primary and secondary source texts. The project team includes members from Tufts University, the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Imperial College, London, and Mount Allison University.
Description: Building upon collaborations between computer scientists and classicists across three countries, we propose to build a framework that combines emerging technologies and large collections to provide for every surviving Greek and Latin author scalable, sustainable information that can exceed the breadth of traditional bibliographic databases for an entire field and the depth of traditional variorum editions for individual authors and works. We can furthermore identify patterns in the changing reception of and scholarship about Greco-Roman antiquity with greater power and flexibility than was feasible with traditional methods. The work proposed here will demonstrate and analyze the significance of these new methods. Our hypothesis, based on years of development with smaller collections, is that we can now see a wholly new generation of services that better address the most traditional goals of scholarship, are customizable to the needs of far broader audiences, and are much more practical to maintain over time.
Grant: 200412 / HJ-50013-10, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Digging into Data, Year Awarded: 2010
Using Zotero and TAPoR on the Old Bailey Proceedings: Data Mining With Criminal Intent
Recipient: Cohen, Daniel J (Fairfax, VA 22030 USA) in affiliation with George Mason University
Goal: This project will develop tools and models for comparing, visualizing, and analyzing the history of crime, using the Old Bailey Online, which contains extensive court records of more than 197,000 individual trials held over a period of 240 years in Great Britain. The team is composed of scholars from George Mason University, the University of Hertfordshire, and the University of Alberta.
Description: The With Criminal Intent project will create an intellectual exemplar for the role of data mining in an important historical discipline–the history of crime–and illustrate how the tools of digital humanities can be used to wrest new knowledge from one of the largest humanities data sets currently available: the Old Bailey Online. It will create a seamlessly connected environment, the Newgate Commons, in which scholars can use data mining techniques to select themed texts from the 120 million words of trial records contained in the Old Bailey, and employ these texts as the basis of a study collection in Zotero where they will in turn be available for analysis using TAPoR tools (including quantitative text analysis and visualization). In the process, this project will showcase the integration of online textual resources with bibliographical and analytical tools emerging from Digital Humanities.
Grant: 200447 / HJ-50048-10, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Digging into Data, Year Awarded: 2010
Railroads and the Making of Modern America -- Tools for Spatio-Temporal Correlation, Analysis, and Visualization
Recipient: Thomas, William G (Lincoln, NE 68588-0327 USA) in affiliation with University of Nebraska, Board of Regents (Lincoln, NE 68588-0430 USA)
Goal: This project will integrate a vast collection of textual, geographical, and numerical data about the railroad and its impact on society over the centuries, concentrating initially on the Great Plains and Northeast United States. The project team is comprised of humanities scholars and computer scientists from the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, and the University of Portsmouth.
Description: This project aims to integrate large-scale data sources from the Digging into Data repositories with other types of relevant data on the railroad system, already assembled by the project directors. Our project seeks to develop useful tools for spatio-temporal visualization of these data and the relationships among them. Our interdisciplinary team includes computer science, history, and geography researchers. Because the railroad "system" and its spatio-temporal configuration appeared differently from locality-to-locality and region-to-region, we need to adjust how we "locate" and "see" the system. By applying data mining and pattern recognition techniques, software systems can be created that dynamically redefine the way spatial data are represented. Utilizing processes common to analysis in Computer Science, we propose to develop a software framework that allows these embedded concepts to be visualized and further studied.
Grant: 200427 / HJ-50028-10, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Digging into Data, Year Awarded: 2010
Digging Into the Enlightenment: Mapping the Republic of Letters
Recipient: Edelstein, Dan (Stanford, CA 94305-4015 USA) in affiliation with Stanford University (Stanford, CA 94305 USA)
Goal: This project will focus on a body of 53,000 18th-century letters and analyze the degree to which the effects of the Enlightenment can be observed in the letters of people of various occupations. The project is lead by humanities scholars, librarians, and computer scientists from Stanford University, the University of Oklahoma, and Oxford University.
Description: The Digging Into the Enlightenment: Mapping The Republic of Letters project is a collaborative effort between humanities scholars and computer scientists at Stanford University and the University of Oklahoma in the United States, and at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Our research hypothesis is that we can revolutionize the practice of interpretive research in the humanities by integrating innovative visualization and annotation techniques into highly interactive tools for excavating and dissecting details about people, places, times, and relationships in large data sets. Our project focuses on the Electronic Enlightenment (EE), a University of Oxford collection currently containing more than 53,000 letters. The goal of the project is thus to develop new visualization techniques and tools that support research into the "Republic of Letters" by facilitating interpretation of the complex data sets that have been materialized from this predominantly textual archival collection.
Grant: 200455 / HJ-50056-10, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Digging into Data, Year Awarded: 2010
Broadening the Digital Humanities: The Vectors-IML/UC-HRI Summer Institute on Multimodal Scholarship
Recipient: Goldberg, David Theo (Irvine, CA 92697-3350 USA) in affiliation with University of California, Irvine (Irvine, CA 92697 USA)
Goal: A four-week summer institute to investigate scholarly research methods in the digital age, to include thematic discussion seminars and hands-on workshops in collaboration with technologists.
Description: The Vectors-IML/UCHRI Summer Institute on Multimodal Scholarship is a four-week program designed for the humanities scholar who does not have a great deal of computing experience but who has begun to express an interest in the digital humanities and in digital media more broadly. The Institute will offer a new cadre of scholars the opportunity to explore the benefits of interactive media for scholarly analysis and authorship, illustrating the possibilities of multimodal media for humanities investigation. The scholars participating in our program will learn both by engaging with a variety of existing projects and also through the production of their own project in collaboration with the Vectors-IML and UCHRI teams.
Grant: 197337 / HT-50022-09, Category: Humanities, Program: Institutes for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities, Year Awarded: 2009
One Week, One Tool: A Digital Humanities Barn Raising
Recipient: Scheinfeldt, Tom (Fairfax, VA 22030-4422 USA) in affiliation with George Mason University (Fairfax, VA 22030 USA)
Goal: A one week institute for twelve participants on the principles of humanities-centered tool design, development, and implementation, followed by a year of development support.
Description: For one week in June 2010, the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University will bring together a group of twelve digital humanists of diverse disciplinary backgrounds and practical experience to build a useful and useable software tool for digital humanities research. A short course of training in principles of open source software development will be followed by an intense five days of brainstorming and development. Following the workshop will be a year of continued development, testing and evaluation. The group members will be comprised of designers and programmers as well as project managers and outreach specialists. The group will conceive a tool, outline a roadmap, develop and disseminate a prototype, lay the ground work for building an open source community, and make first steps toward securing sustainable funding for the project.
Grant: 197336 / HT-50021-09, Category: History and Philosophy of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Program: Institutes for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities, Year Awarded: 2009
Network Analysis for the Humanities
Recipient: Tangherlini, Timothy R (Los Angeles, CA 90095-1537 USA) in affiliation with University of California, Los Angeles (Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA)
Goal: A ten-day workshop and follow-up symposium for humanities faculty members and advanced graduate students on the use of large-scale network analysis for humanities topics and questions.
Description: We propose to host an Institute in Advanced Topics in Digital Humanities focusing on techniques for the discovery, visualization and analysis of networks in Humanities corpuses. Networks in this context are broadly defined to include both external networks (networks of production, networks of circulation, networks of influence, and networks of reception) and internal networks (networks of characters, networks of text, networks of language) in the data. The institute will consist of two main parts: a ten day intensive institute, taking place over two weeks in June 2010, and a shorter three day research symposium in June 2011. Both events will be housed at NSF's Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics on UCLA's campus.
Grant: 197331 / HT-50016-09, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Institutes for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities, Year Awarded: 2009
Humanities Gaming Institute: Serious Games for Research and Pedagogy
Recipient: Buell, Duncan A (Columbia, SC 29208 USA) in affiliation with University of South Carolina Research Foundation
Goal: A three-week institute on the role of immersive, interactive technologies and games within the context of the humanities, with a year of follow-up support for the twenty participants.
Description: We propose a three-week Institute on Humanities Gaming to develop the intellectual frameworks necessary to support gaming as an active area of humanities research and pedagogy. Our institute aims to reduce the technical barriers to the adoption of gaming as a research and teaching platform by leveraging investments in the infrastructure of computing and digital media. The institute will (a) investigate the cognitive components of games that inform and enable successful game play, including immersive structure, rule governance, interactivity, and simulation; (b) provide hands-on research into existing serious games from a variety of fields, including history, literature, linguistics, philosophy, and economics; (c) produce, under the guidance of experienced game developers, games that can scale to meet participants' research and teaching needs in the humanities.
Grant: 197340 / HT-50025-09, Category: Interdisciplinary, Program: Institutes for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities, Year Awarded: 2009
Emblematica Online: Emblem Digitization, The German Emblem Database, and The OpenEmblem Portal
Recipient: Wade, Mara R (Urbana, IL 61801 USA) in affiliation with University of Illinois, Urbana
Goal: The digitization of emblem book collections at University of Illinois (UI) and the Herzog August Bibliothek (HAB); the development of a central OpenEmblem Portal; and the creation of an extensive database of interoperable metadata.
Description: This proposal requests funding to present emblem books in a digital environment and to develop a portal for a key genre of Renaissance texts and images. Emblematica Online will fulfill its goals through its three constituent activities: 1) Emblem Digitization: the complete digitization of two premiere emblem collections of world-wide prominence; 2) The German Emblem Databases: the creation of extensive metadata with broad functionality for the German emblems of both institutions in mirror websites; and 3) The OpenEmblem Portal: the development of the portal as an open access research site incorporating book-level metadata from emblem digitization projects worldwide and emblem-level metadata from Illinois and the Herzog August Bibliothek (HAB). The OpenEmblem Portal hosted at Illinois will have a mirror portal at the HAB.
Grant: 196316 / HG-50004-09, Category: Humanities, Program: NEH/DFG Enriching Digital Collections, Year Awarded: 2009
AEGARON-Ancient EGyptian ARchitecture ONline: A Repository for Standardized Architectural Information & Drawings
Recipient: Wendrich, Willemina Z (Los Angeles, CA 90095-1511 USA) in affiliation with University of California, Los Angeles (Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA)
Goal: The development, in collaboration with the German Archaeological Institute Cairo (DAIK), of a digital library of three-dimensional renderings of ancient Egyptian structures based on a variety of existing sources using CAD technology, rendered as image files, and contextualized by metadata.
Description: Comparison of the ancient built environment is often difficult due to different standards used in publications. Correctness, drawing style, as well as the indication of materials, damage, or conjecture differ widely. Other problems are that architectural drawings are presented out of their original natural or urban context, they are sometimes only available in obscure & difficult to find publications, or not published at all. In order to enable cross-disciplinary work, and make the drawings broadly accessible, the central purpose of the project is two-fold: A) provide one visual language by using the same clearly outlined conventions in all drawings; B) provide annotations in the form of extensive metadata, which give factual information and a 'critical apparatus' for visual representations, outlining sources, producers, methods and purposes of the drawings.
Grant: 196324 / HG-50012-09, Category: Archival Management and Conservation, Program: NEH/DFG Enriching Digital Collections, Year Awarded: 2009
Institute for Enabling Geospatial Scholarship
Recipient: Nowviskie, Bethany (Charlottesville, VA 22904-4129 USA) in affiliation with University of Virginia (Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA)
Goal: The creation of two institutes, aimed at scholars, librarians, museum officials, and advanced graduate students, to explore how geospatial technologies like Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be used for teaching, learning, and research in the humanities.
Description: The Scholars' Lab at the University of Virginia Library requests $162,457 from NEH to host two rounds of an Institute for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities, on the theme of Enabling Geospatial Scholarship. The first four-day event would invite 20 competitively selected library, museum, and digital humanities center professionals to shape policy and begin building the technical capacity of the institutions they represent, to support boundary-pushing geospatial scholarship. Ongoing work in implementing a standards-based, open source infrastructure for discovery, delivery, and manipulation of geospatial data would be supported through an online clearinghouse and open-access community to be maintained long-term by the Scholars' Lab. The second Institute would invite 20 humanities scholars and advanced graduate students to train with and critique the open source and standards-based GIS tools and geospatial approaches to humanities scholarship being developed by the University of Virginia Library.
Grant: 197330 / HT-50015-09, Category: Geography, Program: Institutes for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities, Year Awarded: 2009
RELISH: RENDERING ENDANGERED LANGUAGES LEXICONS INTEROPERABLE THROUGH STANDARDS HARMONIZATION
Recipient: Aristar-Dry, Helen (Ypsilanti, MI 48197-0000 USA) in affiliation with Eastern Michigan University (Ypsilanti, MI 48197 USA)
Goal: An effort to unify two digital collections of endangered languages with special attention given to harmonizing the European and American standards for language documentation and lexicon building.
Description: When a lexicon constitutes the only record of a dying or already extinct language, it can contribute unique linguistic and cultural information to our store of scientific knowledge. And making it interoperable with other lexical data becomes a critical research priority. However, there still exist major barriers to lexicon interoperability. The most significant barrier is that standards-setting bodies have arrived at different standards for format and markup on the two sides of the Atlantic. The RELISH project will create an interoperable virtual archive by addressing a two-pronged problem: (1) the lack of harmonization between digital standards for lexical information in Europe and America, and (2) the lack of interoperability among existing lexicons of endangered languages, in particular those created with the Shoebox lexicon-building software.
Grant: 196322 / HG-50010-09, Category: Linguistics, Program: NEH/DFG Enriching Digital Collections, Year Awarded: 2009
New methods for working with old languages: Corpus Linguistics and the future of Textual Scholarship
Recipient: Crane, Gregory R (Medford, MA 02155-5500 USA) in affiliation with Tufts University (Medford, MA 02155 USA)
Goal: Two joint workshops in collaboration with Humboldt University in Berlin (DFG request: 32,200 euros) on the state of the art in digital classics, exploring potential exchanges with other humanities fields, and detailing new areas of research.
Description: We are seeking DFG/NEH support to allow us to host workshops in the US in the summer of 2009 and in Germany in the summer of 2010 in order to explore the application of emerging analytical technologies to classics in particular and the humanities in general. These workshops will focus not only on emerging services (such as named entity recognition, syntactic and morphological analysis, text mining) and knowledge structures (such as domain-specific ontologies), but on the new forms of scholarly knowledge and intellectual analysis that arise as a result. The 2009 workshop will produce a series of papers that document the state of language technologies in the field of classical philology and propose a roadmap for a more general cyberinfrastructure for the study of historical linguistic sources. These papers will circulate during the 2009-10 academic year and lay the foundation for the 2010 workshop in Germany, which will engage other humanities disciplines.
Grant: 196347 / HW-50010-09, Category: Classics, Program: NEH/DFG Symposia and Workshops Program, Year Awarded: 2009
Eternal Flames: Living Memories of the Pacific War
Recipient: Christy, Alan Scott (Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA) in affiliation with University of California, Santa Cruz
Goal: Development and testing of a prototype multilingual website platform for the gathering and study of memories of the Pacific theater of World War II incorporating perspectives of survivors from the United States and Asia.
Description: Funds requested for an innovative website that provides a living archive of Pacific War memories in multiple languages. Out prototype provides a social media and multi-lingual database structure enabling communication between researchers, war survivors, and the general public in English, Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. This site facilitates research on the circulation of war memories throughout the Pacific region and across linguistic boundaries. Online participants will transcribe, translate, tag, and add context to user-contributed archive posts. The architecture makes transparent the negotiations and contested categories of memory-in-translation. In this online environment, users can confront the cultural embeddedness of language, and researchers can trace the transformations of memory as it travels across cultural boundaries. As an open source tool, our online platform can be applied in various contexts to address the language barrier issue that is so central to the humanities.
Grant: 196216 / HD-50594-09, Category: Far Eastern History, Program: Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants, Year Awarded: 2009
Image to XML (img2xml)
Recipient: Smith, Natalia N (Chapel Hill, NC 27599-1350 USA) in affiliation with University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA)
Goal: Development an open-source transcription and annotation tool using Scalable Vector Graphics for historical and literary archival manuscripts, using materials from the Carolina Digital Library and Archives as a test bed.
Description: The img2xml ("image to XML") project plans to develop a 100% Open Source set of components for the linking and display of manuscript images, transcriptions and annotations. The linking will be based on a Scaleable Vector Graphics (SVG) tracing of the text in the manuscript image, which will then be analyzed and displayed via a web browser interface using tools developed for web-based map viewing. This means that links can be made to and from a graphical representation of the actual text on the page rather than a box drawn around it. The proposed approach will enable linking between text and image in a more fine-grained way than any annotation tool currently in existence. This work represents a fundamentally different way of connecting manuscript images with transcriptions and annotations.
Grant: 196223 / HD-50601-09, Category: Humanities, Program: Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants, Year Awarded: 2009
Humanities Research Infrastructure and Tools (HRIT): An Environment for Collaborative Textual Scholarship
Recipient: Shillingsburg, Peter L (Chicago, IL 60660 USA) in affiliation with Loyola University, Chicago (Chicago, IL 60611 USA)
Goal: Development of a collaborative online editing environment and tagging tool for producing electronic scholarly editions and text archives.
Description: Our object is, first, to identify best practice and define principles for electronic infrastructure for scholarly collaboration on primary literary and historical texts and for tools to enhance humanities scholarship. Second it is to build an open-source, collaborative, robust HRIT (Humanities Research Infrastructure and Tools) environment, in which to aggregate, link or cross-reference, edit, and share vetted primary documentary texts--along with their scholarly enhancements, analyses, and commentaries, in the form of markup, annotation, keyword tagging, linking, etc. And third, it is to create a Collaborative Tagging Tool (CaTT) that responds to said principles and infrastructure, enabling ordinary humanist scholars to create sophisticated scholarly electronic editions and archives in a collaborative environment. The result will be an ecology consisting of the infrastructure, an initial on-line tool, and a model vetting system.
Grant: 197751 / HD-50782-09, Category: Literature, Program: Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants, Year Awarded: 2009
OCRonym: Entity Extraction and Retrieval for Scanned Books
Recipient: Allan, James (Amherst, MA 01003 USA) in affiliation with University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Goal: Development of an extraction and retrieval system for named entities-people, places, and organizations-located across a large number of documents in order to use the system to track Optical Character Recognition (OCR) error rates in an effort to improve "noisy" OCR.
Description: In the past five years, massive book-scanning projects have produced an explosion in the number of sources for the humanities, available on-line to the broadest possible audiences. Transcribing page images by optical character recognition makes many searching and browsing tasks practical for scholars. But even low OCR error rates compound into high probability of error in a given sentence, and the error rate is even higher for names. We propose to build a prototype system for information extraction and retrieval of noisy OCR. In particular, we will optimize the extraction and retrieval of names, which are highly informative features for detecting topics and events in documents. We will build statistical models of characters and words from scanned books to improve lexical coverage, and we will improve name categorization and disambiguation by linking document contexts to external sources such as Wikipedia. Our testbed comes from over one million scanned books from the Internet Archive.
Grant: 197763 / HD-50794-09, Category: Library Science, Archival Management, and Conservation, Program: Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants, Year Awarded: 2009
Main Street, Carolina: Uncovering and Reclaiming the History of Downtown
Recipient: Smith, Natalia N (Chapel Hill, NC 27599-1350 USA) in affiliation with University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA)
Goal: Development of an open-source framework for accessing the UNC Library's collection of original Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, indexed to a wide range of primary source material.
Description: Main Street, Carolina is a web-based digital history resource that would allow local libraries, schools, museums, preservation and local history societies, and other community organizations across the state to preserve, document, interpret, and share the history of the places that have given each town its character and identity over the past century. This project builds on our nationally recognized digital humanities project, Going to the Show, which has developed cutting-edge techniques for representing local cultural and social history through the use of the North Carolina Collection's unparalleled archive of local maps, photographs, and historic newspapers. Main Street, Carolina will share the benefits of this historical research and technological expertise with local organizations throughout the state by providing them with a flexible, user-friendly digital platform on which they can add a wide variety of "local" data.
Grant: 197778 / HD-50809-09, Category: Humanities, Program: Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants, Year Awarded: 2009
The Open Modern Art Collection of Iraq: Web tools for Documenting, Sharing and Enriching Iraqi Artistic Expressions
Recipient: Shabout, Nada (Denton, TX 76203 USA) in affiliation with Alexandria Archive Institute (San Francisco, CA 94127 USA)
Goal: The creation of a database with community input to reassemble the partially dispersed and lost collections of the Iraqi Museum of Modern Art in Baghdad.
Description: The Open Modern Art Collection of Iraq (OMACI) project will prototype a robust, participatory content-management system to trace, share and enable community enrichment of the modern art heritage of Iraq. The project represents a collaborative effort of the University of North Texas, the Alexandria Archive Institute, and the School of Information at UC Berkeley. OMACI will create a virtual gallery with images of works of art, many of them now lost, from the Iraqi Museum of Modern Art in Baghdad, linked to publications, exhibition catalogs, and personal documentation. Technologies deployed in this project focus on ease of use and localization, extensive and inclusive documentation, community contribution, and syndication of content elsewhere on the web. The success of the system lies in its ability to reach a wide and participatory audience across the globe, offering users the ability to document, discuss, explore, and enrich Iraqi artistic expressions and experiences.
Grant: 197790 / HD-50821-09, Category: Humanities, Program: Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants, Year Awarded: 2009