The Unfinished: Indian Stone Carvers at Work
Recipient: Dehejia, Vidya J (New York, NY 10027 USA) in affiliation with Columbia University
Goal: A study of unfinished rock-cut and constructed stone monuments in India. (24 months)
Description: Just about every rock-cut site in India and every constructed stone monument yields something incomplete, and in this collaborative project, Dehejia and Rockwell suggest that the very concept of the "unfinished" in pre-modern India requires rethinking. Our preliminary study has begun to generate evidence to resolve a variety of art historical issues; one such, pertaining to rock-cut shrines, is that once the sanctum was complete and ready for worship, the finish of surrounding areas became irrelevant. We plan a volume of essays that will begin the process of integrating an appreciation of the issues related to stone-working techniques, the tools used, the processes of carvers, and the extent to which the final carvings are influenced by the nature of the stone used--into the history of South Asian art. "The Unfinished: Indian Stone Carvers at Work" is a significant start in an untouched field.
Grant: 196415 / RZ-50997-09, Category: Art History and Criticism, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Pluralism and Adaptation in the Islamic Practice of Senegal and Ghana: Collaborative Research and Scholarship on West Africa
Recipient: Robinson, David W (East Lansing, MI 48824 USA) in affiliation with Michigan State University
Goal: Creation of a website incorporating translations and annotations of documents written by and about West African Muslims; and syntheses about the history of particular West African Islamic communities.
Description: Scholars in African Studies at Michigan State University and Indiana University will research West African Islamic practice and produce new interpretations to be made available to researchers, teachers, students and the general public. They will explore this practice through four case studies set in Senegambia and Mauritania, on the one hand, and Ghana, on the other. The case studies will provide new scholarship and syntheses on particular Muslim communities as well as transcriptions, translations and annotations of documents and interviews by members of these communities as they cope with division, non-Muslim rule, and changing global environments. This research will bring a critical African dimension to scholarly debates about Muslim faith and practice.
Grant: 196471 / RZ-51053-09, Category: African History, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Assiniboine Indian Traditional Narratives
Recipient: DeMallie, Raymond J (Bloomington, IN 47408-3742 USA) in affiliation with Indiana University, Bloomington (Bloomington, IN 47405 USA)
Goal: Preparation of two volumes of Native American oral history narratives and an accompanying dictionary. (24 months)
Description: This project will transcribe, translate, and edit a body of texts in Nakota, the language of the Assiniboine people of the Great Plains. These narratives were tape-recorded in the 1980s from the last generation of elders who were fluent in the language and who told traditional stories. The collection represents every major community of Assiniboine speakers in the U. S. and Canada and includes virtually all genres of oral tradition. The project will make Assiniboine oral literature available for the first time: two volumes of Nakota texts with English translations and an accompanying dictionary will be produced. There is great urgency to this project because only a few speakers of Nakota, all elderly, are still able to collaborate in this work. The project is based on the collaboration among DeMallie, a cultural anthropologist, and Cumberland, and Parks, anthropological linguists, with the Assiniboine people.
Grant: 196433 / RZ-51015-09, Category: Anthropology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Excavations at Zincirli
Recipient: Schloen, David (Chicago, IL 60637 USA) in affiliation with University of Chicago
Goal: Archaeological excavations and interpretation at the Iron Age city of Sam'al, located in modern-day Zincirli, Turkey.
Description: This archaeological project explores the 40-hectare (100-acre) site of Zincirli in southeastern Turkey, near the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea, on the eastern side of the Amanus Mountains. Zincirli was the site of ancient Sam'al, an important walled city of the later Iron Age (ca. 900-600 B.C.) and capital of an independent kingdom. Previous excavations have produce many impressive finds and a good picture of the Iron Age royal citadel in the center of the site. Funds are sought to expand excavations at the site, especially in the large lower town, which was not previously investigated. There are very few Iron Age sites in the Levantine region at which large horizontal exposures of coherent architectural phases has been achieve, and Zincirli is ideally suited for this, promising to provide a qualitative leap in our understanding of Iron Age urbanism as a result of the quantitative expansion of excavation to cover entire urban neighborhoods.
Grant: 196445 / RZ-51027-09, Category: Archaeology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Archaeological Sites, Indigenous Frontiers, and Unconquered Maya Culture at Lake Mensabak, Chiapas, Mexico
Recipient: Palka, Joel W (Chicago, IL 60607 USA) in affiliation with University of Illinois at Chicago
Goal: An archaeological and historical study of the origins and cultural transformation of the Lacandon Maya in Chiapas, Mexico.
Description: While research has focused on colonized Maya, little is known about unconquered Maya in the rainforests of Chiapas, Mexico, including their origins. This project involves the Lacandon Maya and experts in archaeology, history, and anthropology. The Lacandon are believed to be descendant from the ancient Maya or Yucatec Maya migrants who only recently experienced change. The clarification of their origins and cultural transformations are important topics for research on ethnogenesis or the creation of indigenous cultures. The investigators hypothesize that Lacandon ethnic formation occurred when different Maya groups entered the remote rainforests escaping European colonization. We will acquire archaeological, archival, and Lacandon cultural information regarding their origins. The findings will be compared to studies of ethnogenesis to understand the similarities and differences in cultural origins in colonized versus unconquered regions.
Grant: 196404 / RZ-50986-09, Category: Archaeology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
American Indian Art, Ritual, and Social Interaction in the Central Arkansas River Valley
Recipient: Sabo, George (Fayetteville, AR 72704 USA) in affiliation with Arkansas Archeological Survey
Goal: Archaeological investigation of settlement sites in the central Arkansas River valley to shed light on materials looted during the last two centuries from Native American burial sites. (36 months)
Description: The Carden Bottoms locality in Arkansas is well known for exquisitely decorated artifacts (ca. A.D. 1400-1700) preserved in museums across the country. Artifact designs reflect styles originating at the world-famous Cahokia site and represented at the Spiro Mounds site along the Arkansas River. Yet we know little about the people who produced these extraordinary materials. This project will employ remote sensing technologies to locate preserved cultural features at known archeological sites. Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw Indians will join Arkansas Archeological Survey archeologists in the excavation of those features to generate new information concerning the occupational history of the region and to provide better contextual information for studying the existing museum collections. Analysis of the resulting data will examine the role of art and ritual in the expression of community identity and regional social interaction.
Grant: 196446 / RZ-51028-09, Category: Archaeology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Translation of Edmund Husserl's "Erste Philosophie" (First Philosophy)
Recipient: Luft, Sebastian (Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881 USA) in affiliation with Marquette University (Milwaukee, WI 53233 USA)
Goal: The translation and preparation for publication of Edmund Husserl's 1923-24 lecture course entitled First Philosophy, with supplementary texts drawn from Husserl's research manuscripts.
Description: This application seeks funding for the translation of a new volume for the English edition of the writings of the German philosopher Edmund Husserl. The text to be translated for the first time is Husserl's seminal lecture course Erste Philosophie (First Philosophy), one of the most important works of Husserl's oeuvre. Due to the nature and variety of the topics discussed in this text, a translation can be expected to have a wide impact both in philosophy and in other humanities fields. This translation represents one of the greatest desiderata of scholarly work in phenomenology and twentieth-century European Philosophy at large.
Grant: 196442 / RZ-51024-09, Category: Philosophy, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
The Roots of Creole New Orleans: Archaeological Investigations at St. Louis Cathedral and Ursuline Convent
Recipient: Dawdy, Shannon Lee (Chicago, IL 60637 USA) in affiliation with University of Chicago
Goal: Investigation of the interactions among Native Americans, French colonists, and African Americans in colonial period New Orleans through archaeological excavations of the gardens associated with St. Louis Cathedral and the Ursuline Convent. (36 months)
Description: Funding is requested to support a 3-year archaeological research project to investigate the French colonial foundations of New Orleans at two of its most significant historic complexes, St. Louis Cathedral and Ursuline Convent. The proposed work will extend excavations begun in the garden behind the cathedral in 2008 and incorporate the findings into a broader comparative framework that includes new fieldwork at the nearby Ursuline Convent Garden as well as specialized laboratory analyses. The study addresses how African, Native American, and European residents were exchanging knowledge and practices related to architecture, agriculture, cuisine, and medicine, and how these material practices contributed to the creation of New Orleans' unique creole culture. This project represents the first multi-site archaeological research program undertaken in the French Quarter.
Grant: 196410 / RZ-50992-09, Category: Archaeology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
The Wider Scope: A Survey of Early Telescopes and Images, and their Scientific and Cultural Contexts
Recipient: Bolt, Marvin Paul (Chicago, IL 60605 USA) in affiliation with Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum
Goal: Expansion of an electronic research database on the history of the telescope to include literary and art-historical materials as well as examples from Asian collections.
Description: The United Nations' declaration of the International Year of Astronomy 2009 to mark Galileo's use of the telescope signifies the extraordinary impact of the telescope on the sciences and the humanities. The observations it enabled transformed our cosmology and raised awkward questions about our place in the universe. As well as informing astronomy, theology, and philosophy, it inspired the literary and visual arts, and impacted military and maritime practices by changing the conduct of war and the practice of navigation. Telescopes were also objets d'art, intended to be looked at as much as looked through, to be displayed as a symbol of knowledge, patronage, and status. Through collaborations with museums and scholars around the world, we will create a census of surviving telescopes and telescope images made prior to 1750, photograph and catalog them, determine their optical and physical properties, and disseminate this information via a database on a museum website.
Grant: 196524 / RZ-51106-09, Category: History and Philosophy of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks
Recipient: Soderquist, K. Brian (Copenhagen, 1463 Denmark) in affiliation with Connecticut College (New London, CT 06320 USA)
Goal: Preparation for publication of volumes 4, 5, 6, and 7 of Kierkegaard's journals and notebooks, an English-language edition of the unpublished writings of Søren Kierkegaard. (36 months)
Description: An international group of well-known scholars of philosophy, history, and religious studies is producing a critical, scholarly, English-language edition of the unpublished writings of the Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard (1813-55). These writings, collectively entitled "Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks," are being published by Princeton University Press. The first volume appeared at the beginning of 2007; volume two appeared at the beginning of 2008; volume three is now at the compositor and is expected to be appear at the beginning of 2009. Editorial work is now under way for the materials which will constitute volume four, which is expected to appear at the beginning of 2010. We expect to maintain this publication schedule--a volume a year--until all eleven volumes have been published. Approximately 50% of the project's costs are being borne by a major grant from the Danish government.
Grant: 196434 / RZ-51016-09, Category: History of Philosophy, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Middle English Texts Series
Recipient: Peck, Russell A (Rochester, NY 14627 USA) in affiliation with University of Rochester
Goal: Preparation for publication of 12-16 volumes of medieval texts from the 13th through the 16th centuries. All texts will be made available online through the University of Rochester. (36 months)
Description: The goal of this grant is to produce, over the next three years, approximately sixteen volumes of medieval texts intended for classroom and electronic use. Most will be texts of Middle English literature, although a few will be French or Welsh texts that have strong bearing on the study of English culture in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
Grant: 196448 / RZ-51030-09, Category: British Literature, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Digital Enhancement, Editing, Translation, and Analysis of the "Dublin Kephalaia"
Recipient: BeDuhn, Jason D (Flagstaff, AZ 86011-6031 USA) in affiliation with Northern Arizona University (Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA)
Goal: Preparation for publication of an English translation of the Dublin Kephalaia, a 4th century Coptic codex; and a separate volume with commentaries on the codex.
Description: Applying techniques of digital image enhancement developed for this project with the Imaging Lab of the Bilby Research Center of Northern Arizona University, the project team will transcribe, edit, and translate the "Dublin Kephalaia," a previously unreadable 4th century Coptic codex produced by the Manichaean religious community, which promises to provide a major breakthrough in our knowledge of religious pluralism and interaction in pre-Islamic Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Grant: 196504 / RZ-51086-09, Category: History of Religion, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
John Buridan's Questions on Aristotle's De Anima (On the Soul): A Critical Edition with an Annotated Translation
Recipient: Klima, Gyula (Bronx, NY 10458 USA) in affiliation with Fordham University
Goal: Preparation for publication of three bilingual Latin-English volumes of an annotated critical edition and translation of John Buridan's Questions on Aristotle's De Anima, with a fourth volume of expository and interpretive essays. (24 months)
Description: A critical edition and annotated English translation of John Buridan's Questions on Aristotle's De Anima (QDA, for short) in three volumes, to be prepared by an international group of scholars. The proposed volumes, containing the critical edition of the Latin text and the annotated English translation on facing pages, will be published by Fordham University Press, in the new series Medieval Philosophy: Texts and Studies, edited by the project director, Gyula Klima. The impact of Buridan's logic and cognitive psychology was enormous in his time. Bridging the linguistic and conceptual gap between his time and ours, the proposed volumes will allow Buridan's ideas to have their impact on contemporary philosophical discussion concerning such fundamental issues as the nature of the human mind, its relation to the human body, and the proper analysis of its basic cognitive functions, such as perception, memory and understanding.
Grant: 196406 / RZ-50988-09, Category: History of Philosophy, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Translation of the Seminars of Jacques Derrida
Recipient: Kamuf, Peggy (Los Angeles, CA 90004 USA) in affiliation with University of Southern California (Los Angeles, CA 90089-0012 USA)
Goal: Translation and preparation for publication of four volumes of The Seminars of Jacques Derrida. (36 months)
Description: This is a proposal to translate from French four of the first volumes of The Seminars of Jacques Derrida. Each seminar is a course of teaching lectures that Derrida prepared every year on a chosen theme. The lectures are fully written and almost wholly unpublished. They thus represent an inestimable supplement to Derrida's extant oeuvre. The first volume of the French edition of the seminars appeared in 2008 and the English version, prepared by a member of our team, will be published in 2009. The work proposed here is part of the long-term project to translate, soon after they appear, all of the volumes in the series, of which there will be at least forty. The six members of the team assembled for the project all have extensive experience as translators of Derrida and other contemporary French writers. Given its very long-term nature, the project also includes an annual training workshop for younger scholars and graduate students to be conducted by our team members.
Grant: 196486 / RZ-51068-09, Category: Humanities, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Critical Documents of 20th-Century Latin American and Latino Art Book Series
Recipient: Ramirez, Mari Carmen (Houston, TX 77005-1803 USA) in affiliation with Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston, TX 77265 USA)
Goal: Preparation for publication of the first four volumes of a 13-volume anthology titled Critical Documents of 20th-Century Latin American and Latino Art; and development of the accompanying online Documents Project critical archive.
Description: The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston respectfully requests a three-year grant (July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2012) of $300,000 to publish three volumes of Critical Documents of 20th-Century Latin American and Latino Art, a planned 13-volume anthology series dedicated to providing access to and scholarly interpretation of essential resources related to 20th-century Latin American and Latino art and culture. Translation into English from primarily Spanish and Portuguese will permit many readers to access materials that are exceedingly difficult to access in repositories in Latin America and the United States. The Book Series is part of a ten- to fifteen-year project that brings together geographically dispersed scholars in a collaborative research effort and is dedicated to the recovery and publication of critical primary source documents, written or dictated by authoritative sources from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, and the United States.
Grant: 196502 / RZ-51084-09, Category: Art History and Criticism, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
What Middletown Read: Print Culture and Cosmopolitanism in an American City
Recipient: Connolly, James John (Muncie, IN 47306 USA) in affiliation with Ball State University
Goal: Preparation for the publication of a scholarly study, "What Middletown Reads;" and the creation of a freely accessible digital database of library records from the Muncie, Indiana public library.
Description: "What Middletown Read: Print Culture and Cosmopolitanism in an American Small City" uses a recently discovered cache of library records as the basis for a historical and social study of reading behavior in an industrializing community of the late nineteenth century. The surviving documents record the individual books each borrower took from the local public library in Muncie, Indiana - the city featured in the famed "Middletown" sociological studies - for most of the period between 1891 and 1902. Historians of print culture in the U.S. have long sought this sort of first-hand evidence of reading behavior among ordinary people. The directors of the "What Middletown Read" project propose to capitalize on this discovery in two ways. They will write a book exploring print culture in Muncie, Indiana during the 1890s and they will construct a digital database derived from these records and make it freely available online to the public.
Grant: 196431 / RZ-51013-09, Category: American History, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
The Hinterland of Sinop, Turkey: A Case Study of the Origins and Development of Black Sea Trade
Recipient: Doonan, Owen Patrick (Northridge, CA 91330-8300 USA) in affiliation with California State University, Northridge (Northridge, CA 91330 USA)
Goal: An archaeological survey, excavation, and analysis of the ancient Black Sea port of Sinop, Turkey.
Description: The project is an integrated program of research into the formation of the ancient Black Sea economy based on a case study in the hinterland of one of the most important ports in the Black Sea region. The primary goal of the proposed research is to determine whether the establishment of a network of Greek colonies in the Black Sea caused a fundamental change in regional social and political structure or whether Greek colonists took advantage of the knowledge and relationships already present among Black Sea ("Pontic") communities by the first millennium BC. The main components of the project include (1) archaeological survey and excavation, (2) integrated geomorphological-paleoecological investigations, (3) historical and ethnohistorical research, and (4) detailed stylistic, physical and chronometric study of archaeological finds. These components are complementary, and will provide a fundamental base for our interpretations regarding settlement and land-use patterns.
Grant: 196478 / RZ-51060-09, Category: Archaeology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Technology Transfer at Work in China-Africa Development Assistance: The TAZARA Railway, 1968-1986
Recipient: Monson, Jamie (St. Paul, MN 55105 USA) in affiliation with Macalester College
Goal: A study of the history of work and technology transfer during the construction by Chinese and African workers of the TAZARA railway in Tanzania and Zambia. (16 months)
Description: The proposed research project examines the history of work and technology transfer during the construction by Chinese and African workers of the TAZARA railway in Tanzania and Zambia, including the ten-year period of technical cooperation with China. Technology and labor intersected within a specific historical context that included China's domestic experience of the Cultural Revolution; Tanzania and Zambia's emergence as newly independent African nations in the era of decolonization; and the international rivalries of the Cold War. To illuminate the social and political history of work and technology in China-Africa development assistance from 1968-1986, a team of American, Chinese, and African scholars will, between August 2009 and November 2010, use archival, documentary, and oral history methods to conduct collaborative research in Tanzania and Zambia. The team will present its findings at a series of workshops in those countries, in China, and at a professional conference.
Grant: 196514 / RZ-51096-09, Category: African History, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Imperial Inca Statecraft and the Architecture of Power: The Late Imperial Site of Inca-Caranqui, Northern Highland Ecuador
Recipient: Bray, Tamara L (Detroit, MI 48202 USA) in affiliation with Wayne State University
Goal: Archaeological investigations at Caranqui on the northern frontier of the Inca empire to address questions about imperial architecture as a strategy of Inca statecraft. (30 months)
Description: This is a proposal to conduct collaborative archaeological investigations at the recently discovered site of Inca-Caranqui on the northern frontier of the Inca empire. The rise and fall of ancient empires has long been a source of public fascination, and the New World example of the Inca defies many common stereotypes. The proposed project focuses on imperial architecture as a material strategy of Inca statecraft and will consider how such strategies evolved as a function of time and distance from the imperial center at Cuzco. Using a combination of remote-sensing, excavation, and archival research, the international team will elucidate the history, function, and significance of this important site. The proposed research will make a significant contribution to our knowledge of the imperial agenda at the outer edges of control, provide insights into Inca statecraft during the "mature" phase of empire, and document the role and evolution of state architecture in the frontier context.
Grant: 196525 / RZ-51107-09, Category: Archaeology, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009
Cultures at the Confluence: The Moravian Mission Diary of Shamokin, Pennsylvania (1745-1755)
Recipient: Faull, Katherine M (Lewisburg, PA 17837 USA) in affiliation with Bucknell University
Goal: Transcription, translation, and preparation for publication of a Moravian mission diary; and the creation of related website.
Description: The project consists of the transcription, translation, annotation and publication of the vitally important manuscripts that constitute the Moravian mission diary of the strategic Native American "capital" of the 18th century woodlands Indians at Shamokin, Pennsylvania. The edition will also include a substantial critical introduction, which discusses the context and significance of the diary. This collection of manuscripts (written primarily in German with a few sections in English) was written by 10 different missionaries, including the young David Zeisberger, perhaps the most famous observer of Native American life before John Heckewelder (the source for Fenimore Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales).
Grant: 196503 / RZ-51085-09, Category: American History, Division: Research Programs, Year Awarded: 2009